Friday, September 22nd, 2023

Glossary for Russian Revolution & Civil War

Alexander II was Emperor of Russia, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland from 2 March 1855 until his assassination on 13 March 1881.

Alexander III

All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies

Appeal to All the Peoples of the World (by N.N. Sukhanov)

April Theses

Bloody Sunday

Bolsheviks Russian for “members of the majority”


Duma is one of the chambers of the Russian parliament, the Federal Assembly. It is a legislative authority that consists of 450 members elected for five years.

Emancipation Edict

CHEKA (All-Russian Extraordinary Commission, abbreviated VChK) was the first Soviet secret police. The Sovnarkom created it in December 1917 to identify and fight counter-revolutionary activity. The CHEKA arrested, imprisoned, and executed without trial “enemies of the people,” such as the bourgeoisie, clergy, libertarians and socialists of Petrograd, anarchists and other leftists were considered .

Congress or Convocation of Soviets: supreme governing body of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and several other Soviet republics from 1917 to 1936.

First All-Russian Congress of Soviets of Workers’ and Soldiers’ Deputies (16 June – 7 July 1917) was convened by the Congress of Soviets and was dominated by Mensheviks, Socialist-Revolutionaries, and other pro-government parties.

Coup of June 1907 (aka Stolypin’s Coup),

Dual power

Emancipation Edict


February Revolution

Fundamental Laws of 1906,


July Crisis of 1914

July Days,

Kerensky Offensive, 1917

Kornilov affair:


Milyukov Note

Nicholas II

October Manifesto


Order No. 1

Peter and Paul Fortress.

Petrograd Soviet

Provisional Government

Rasputin, Grigori

Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (SDs, RSDLP aka the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party or the Russian Social Democratic Party)

State Committee on Food Supply